RIP Amanda Waller

This week Arrow offers a tutorial in age-old gender tropes by demonstrating what happens to angry women who don’t comply with traditional femininity. Amanda Waller and Goth Felicity both meet their end in “A.W.O.L.” with Amanda taking a bullet to the head and Goth Felicity burning to death like all the witches before her. Meanwhile Felicity embodies a less upsetting and, in turn, less powerful femininity by avoiding anger and quickly returning to adorkable form in the face of life-changing paralysis.

Amanda Waller (Cynthia Addai-Robinson)

Ever since we first met Amanda Waller, we have seen her exhibit business-like ruthlessness in the face of evil. She aptly commands a massive military organization with shrewdness and skill. Arrow routinely juxtaposes Waller’s unfeeling [read: masculine] decisions against the compassion of Team Arrow as if she should or could have run A.R.G.U.S. with a lighter touch. Her uniform of dark-skirted suits with hair severely pulled back emphasizes the character’s masculine features over feminine ones. Lyla, in contrast, represents a dominant non-threatening version of femininity.

She also works for A.R.G.U.S., as an agent, yet she has the heart that Waller seemingly lacks. Lyla wears her hair loose and her clothes form-fitting. She often begins an op by supporting Amanda, but soon comes to see that Team Arrow’s altruistic plans improve upon Waller’s cold efficiency. Lyla’s nurturing version of femininity yields traditional rewards – husband, daughter, and domesticity complete with a pork roast she finds time to cook between dodging bullets.

Lyla, Sara and Diggle
Lyla, Sara and John,

And where does Waller’s masculine performance of gender leave her? Arrow barely digs deep enough to find out, deciding instead to limit its depiction of Amanda to the workplace, further emphasizing her impersonal qualities. Then, without warning, a one-off male character shoots her in the head and leaves the more feminine Lyla to run the show, rendering Waller’s death anti-climactic and unworthy of her place in the narrative. She deserved a more meaningful end akin to the one Arrow (unforgivably, I’m still not over it) gave the equally-ruthless and wonderfully-complicated Moira Queen. I am sensing a pattern.

Moira Queen

As for Felicity, she spent much of the previous episode, “Blood Debts,” grinning through a drug-induced haze from a hospital bed while her fiancé ran around Star City trying to avenge her. He failed, and she fretted that he might leave her once doctors determined that she will never walk again. Oliver, neither a fool nor a monster, never considered parting ways with his better half.

felicity awol

Fast-forward to “A.W.O.L.” where Felicity wheels around the loft feeling trapped and useless despite Oliver’s words to the contrary. As a result of pain medication, she hallucinates the college-hacker version of herself in corporeal form. Goth Felicity’s arrival holds out the promise that Felicity will respond realistically to her medical condition – that is, with a hell of a lot of justified anger. Instead, the doppelganger mocks Felicity for pitying herself rather than getting back into the superhero game pronto.

goth and felicity

Felicity’s choice to turn her inner turmoil and feelings of irrelevance into a positive, ‘let’s go get ‘em attitude,’ in the span of an episode, without one powerful “this really sucks” moment undermines  the character’s complexity. It also moves her dangerously close to the Manic Pixie Dream Girl who wouldn’t think of bogging down her friends or the narrative with self-indulgent anger. This handling made me wonder how Melinda May or Bobbi Morse would navigate the same situation.

All of this acceptance wouldn’t feel so cloying had the writers not added a commentary on gender by deliberately contrasting Goth Felicity’s appearance with Felicity’s. Goth Felicity with her “unfortunate fashion choices” dyes her hair black and refuses to show off her figure. By contrast, Felicity embraces shapely pastel dresses and dyes her hair blond, embracing that ultimate symbol and stereotype of American beauty.

goth felicity origin

Goth Felicity accurately describes Felicity’s post-Cooper Seldon look as a mask. Rather than peal back the layers of that mask to move Felicity a little closer to her pre-heroine self, the writers eschew the suggestion that Team Arrow’s Felicity isn’t the real Felicity. Goodness and compassion come with bright pink lipstick and stiletto heels, not with black lipstick and combat boots – the two shall not meet. To reinforce this message, Felicity goes so far as to burn a picture of her former self, lest we forget that anger and femininity don’t mix.

felicity pastel

Perhaps the writers are holding out, keeping Felicity’s anger buried, only to have it build throughout the second half of the season into a boiling rage that will destroy Damien Darhk. We have seen Felicity use her anger in the past to lead the team, most memorably after Oliver’s “death” in a moment that takes on new meaning with Felicity now confined to a wheelchair.

Felicity on her throne via Smoak and Arrow

She’ll need that kind of anger and strength to defeat “a man who can move things with his mind.” Felicity’s superpower doesn’t come from her legs or her blond hair, as Oliver notes, it comes from her brain.

Amanda Waller’s did too, though it came clothed in a suit of subversive femininity. She deserved better. And so do we.




  1. Amanda Waller’s death was so barbarically cold and unnecessary and honesty the biggest shock I have seen this season yet. I think that just like Felicity she is a strong women, who yes wears dark clothing and is very closed off, and Felicity does wear dresses and pink lipstick is just as strong and feminine and I hate how they show them so differently. I wish though, it was Amanda Waller in the grave so it wasn’t anyone we actually like in it instead.


    • They dispatched Waller without much of a second thought. Barbaric is the perfect word for it. As far as superhero shows go, Arrow has a lot of strong female characters, but they seem to prefer one kind of woman over another. Still, I am very happy to see different depictions as opposed to one static version of femininity. I suspect we will see Goth Felicity again in some version. She is a lot of fun.

      I am still sad for Amanda.

      Thanks for the comment.


  2. I’m pretty sure the entire reason Amanda Waller returned – only to be killed off – was due to the studio only wanting one version of the character to exist in the media. And due to the upcoming Suicide Squad film, the Arrowverse’s Waller had to go.
    Besides, although ruthless, Amanda Waller has never been an angry character IMHO.


    • You are right. Waller is not angry, but “And Take Your Transgressive and Empowering Version of Femininity With You” really did not work as a title. I will miss Waller. I feel like they could have done more with this dynamic character and given her a few more layers. I did not even consider the Suicide Squad movie and I’m sure you’re right that one must have had something to do with the other.

      Thanks for the comment!


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s